In 1893, Ibadan became a British Protectorate after a treaty signed by Fijabi, the Baale of Ibadan with the British acting Governor of Lagos, George C. Denton on 15 August. By then the population of Ibadan had grown to around 120, 000 which made Ibadan the first most populated City in the whole of West Africa.
The British developed the new colony to facilitate Ibadan’s commercial activities and Ibadan shortly grew into the major trading centre that it is today. Ibadan presents fascinating landscape of tradition and odern features.
Prominent in its old, indigenous core areas are the Oja Iba market marked (Oja’ba) and the king’s palace. From Mopo Hill, one can easily see the sea of rusted brown roofs and buildings in places like Agugu, Ayeye, Idi Arere, Odinjo, Gege and Foko, to mention but a few.
These are interspersed by neighbourhoods of new and modern buildings, which are linked and crossed by winding roads. Other places are at the periphery of the core centre. They include Odo Ona, Apata Ganga and Owode Estate, to the west, to the south are Challenge, Molete and Felele areas. Those to the north are Oorogun, Ojoo, Sasa etc, while to the north – east are Bodija, Akobo, Monatan and Isebo.
The outward of the city is in all directions of the seven main ridges that dominate the city Land form. Transportation has also been in the use of the railway that runs in a southwest-northwest direction of the city and the road networks, which link the city with almost all the cardinal points of the country. Some of the contributing factors to its spread are the Ibadan – Lagos and the Ring Road– Adeoye Express ways, the establishment of institutional area housing and industrial estates.
Examples of the last three named factors are the University of Ibadan, Polytechnic, Bodija Odogbo Army Barracks Jericho, Owode and Felele Housing Estates, NNPC Oil Storage Deport, Apata and Oluyole and Lagelu Housing and Industrial Estate. Other newly developing areas of the city include Eleyele, Challenge, Gbanda, Ikolaba, Akobo, Monatan, isebo, Adegbayi, Olodo and Olomi.